Should Kenyans Abandon Democracy and Embrace Aristocracy?

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Kenya is said is to be among the most democratic nations in Africa and in the world. Kenyans pride themselves for being one of the nations in Africa that hold free elections every after five years. But is Kenya really democratic or aristocratic? Could it be that democracy in Kenya is just on paper but what is really in play is aristocracy?

To understand the differences between democracy and aristocracy, let us define them.


Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all eligible members of state, typically through elected representatives. This is a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections. Democracy is built on strong principles of the absence of hereditary or arbitrary class distinctions or privileges.

Article 1 (1) of the Kenyan Constitution states that, “all sovereign power belongs to the people of Kenya and shall be exercised only in accordance with the constitution.” Article 4 (1) states that, “Kenya is a sovereign state.”


Aristocracy is a class of persons holding exceptional rank and privileges especially the hereditary nobility. It is a government or state ruled by an aristocracy, elite, or privileged upper class. This is government by those considered to be best or most ale people in the state. Aristocracy also means any class or group considered to be superior, as through education, ability, wealth, or social prestige.

From the two definitions above, do you still think Kenya is a democratic country? Kenya is democratic on paper but aristocratic in reality.

Ask yourself the following questions:

i) Have we been having free and fair elections?

ii) Have we been having hereditary politics?

iii) Are those in power wealthy, educated and those with social prestige?

iv) Are those ruling us consider themselves better than us and, therefore, supposed to lead us?

If you will be able to correctly answer those questions, you will realize that we are not in a democratic country but aristocratic country.


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